Our selection of guidance documents and website links can provide guidance and information for preparing your city-wide liquid waste management strategy – from conception of the strategy to implementation. Evidence of good practice from other countries can serve as a source of inspiration. It is likely that many of the approaches will have to be adapted to the requirements and local context of sanitation services in Ghana.

Participants are encouraged to propose innovative approaches, which may not have been previously tested, to tackle the challenge of urban sanitation.

Guidance documents for all stages

From design to implementation

Developing a faecal sludge management strategy for sanitation

What is a faecal sludge management strategy?

Understanding sanitation and faecal sludge management

What is safe sanitation?

Understanding faecal sludge management

Faecal Sludge Management: Systems Approach for Implementation and Operations, EAWAG-IWA. http://bit.ly/1LjtGMo

Data collection on existing situation of sanitation services

How to collect data to identify existing access to safe sanitation?

Identifying the status of sanitation services and key intervention areas

Where are the blockages in the delivery of sanitation services?

Tackling behavior change and engaging with the community

What are possible approaches to engage with communities?

EAWAG Guidelines for Community-Led Urban Environmental Sanitation Planning. (CLUES). http://www.eawag.ch/en/department/sandec/projects/sesp/clues/

Options of service delivery models

Possible technological solutions

Potential allocations of responsibilities between private and public sectors

  • Governance in Urban Sanitation: Institutional Aspects, UNITAR
  • Un-sewered Sanitation Improvements for the Urban Poor, African Water Facility. http://bit.ly/1COZJm3

Engaging with private sector: supporting private sector development

Designing effective contracts for small-scale service providers in urban water and sanitation, WSUP and BDP. http://bit.ly/1kBJrcJ

Opting for operationally and environmentally sustainable solutions

Understanding the link between sanitation, water resource management and environment efficiency

Putting in place a financing strategy

Planning investments: what we need to think about

Financing sources

What are the potential sources of financing? Trémolet Consulting (unpublished)

Leveraging private investments: microfinance for HHs and businesses and what role for public sector to develop this market?

  • Embedding access to finance in sanitation programmes: a step-by-step approach, Mansour G. and Trémolet S., SHARE 2014. http://bit.ly/1Qqa01e
  • WASH microfinance toolkit, Water.og, 2013/2014. http://bit.ly/1Od9rEO
Putting in place a monitoring framework of sanitation services

Indicators for monitoring sanitation services

Metadata on suggested indicators for Global Monitoring of the Sustainable Development Goal 6 on Water and Sanitation, UN-Water, 2015. http://bit.ly/1NynfXA

City-wide sanitation solutions – public settings

Markets: public toilets

How to manage Public Toilets and Showers, Ps-Eau. http://bit.ly/1P0Wbon

Technology options for latrine construction

Technology options for latrine construction provided by UNICEF in collabporation with KNUST, including manuals and assessment tools: https://www.unicef.org/ghana/wes_11302.html